The basic techniques the basic techniques can be divided into three categories:
• Control of the ball
• Running with the ball
• Striking the ball
1. Control of the ball
To control the ball is to master it. Properly controlling the ball means that a move will be successful. The control movements to focus on are: directed control and gathering the ball while moving – these introduce speed into the play.
This training is designed for anyone, regardless of age, and skills level, whose aim is to improve, or develop his/her soccer practical abilities necessary in the game of soccer.
If repeated regularly, kids develops the skills of dexterity, coordination and balance in young footballers. These skills favour the more rapid acquisition of other techniques.
2. Running with the ball
a. Without obstacles / b. With obstacles = dribbling
Running with the ball
This is how an individual moves in free space with the ball. When a player is running well with the ball, he/she is in control of it at all times: this requires good balance and excellent stability. Running with the ball while keeping the head up allows a continuous flow of information to be received and allows movement to be adapted to play. Dribbling This is how an individual moves with the ball when faced by opponents.
Dribbling allows the player in possession of the ball to eliminate one or more opponents by:
• making a manoeuvre and taking individual risks,
• setting up a team move,
• gaining time to allow support from team-mates,
• deceiving an opponent (the concept of the feint).
3. Striking the ball
a. Passes / b. Shots on goal
The action of giving the ball to a team-mate. This is an essential part of team play. As the core of the game, passing allows a team to:
• keep possession of the ball,
• set up attacks,
• change the direction of play,
• counter attack,
• provide a decisive or final pass.
Crosses are a type of short or long pass, usually leading to a shot. They serve as the last pass.
Shooting An action with the objective of dispatching the ball into the opponent’s goal. It is the logical conclusion, the culmination of an attack. It is what football is all about. Shooting requires technical qualities (striking the ball well, accuracy), physical qualities (power, coordination, balance) and mental qualities (determination, audacity, self-confidence).
Playing for the fun of it
For children, the most important thing is to play. They play for the pleasure of playing. Contesting matches is an essential part of training and children learn better by playing. It leads to improved skills and independence, facilitates initiative and decision-making (creativity) and also improves relationships with, and consideration of, others.
The basic techniques
Children acquire the basic technical and tactical elements of the game through a host of fun activities. The focus of the programme is on controlling the ball, dribbling, passing and shooting.
Techniques in play
Technical skills, such as keeping possession of the ball, shooting at goal, passing, control, running with the ball and heading are all used in play. Pressure from opponents helps in the teaching and improvement of these skills. It is important to ensure that all parts of play are coached. If, for example, the emphasis in a specific session is on dribbling, the format of the activities should be carefully chosen to promote dribbling.